How Russia ‘fought against fascism’ – from 1920 until 1941
For more than twenty years, Moscow’s closest ties in Europe were with Germany – starting in 1920 when Berlin supplied intelligence about the Polish Army to the Soviets. (And twenty years later, Stalin returned the favor when he had his radio stations in Minsk broadcast signals to the Luftwaffe to guide them to their Polish targets.) Everyone now knows about the secret 1939 Nazi-USSR Molotov-Ribbentrop Treaty, but even as late as October, 1940, Stalin was still negotiating terms to join the Tripartite Pact with Italy, Japan, and Germany.
Karl Radek, fervent Stalinist and one of the authors of the new Soviet Constitution, wrote
“… only fools could imagine we should ever break with Germany… No one can give us what Germany can.”